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         SAP was founded in 1972 as System Analysis and Program Development by five former IBM engineers in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg (Dietmar Hopp, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, Klaus E. Tschira, and Claus Wellenreuther).
      
          The acronym was later changed to stand for Systeme, Anwendungen und Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung ("Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing").

AG is short for Aktiengesellschaft.

        The name SAP is acronym for Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing (in English) was founded by five former IBM employees in 1972. One year later, the first financial accounting software, forming the basis for the continuous development was get completed, which later on was know as the "R/1 system. Here" "R" stands for real-time data processing. By the end of the decade, SAP R/2 came into world. SAP R/2 was a mainframe like DB/2 based business application software that was very successful in the 1980s and early 1990s. It was particularly popular with large multinational European companies who required soft-real-time business applications, with multi-currency and multi-language capabilities built in.

         SAP is one of the largest software company in the world. Its ranking is after Microsoft, IBM and Oracle in terms of market capitalization. SAP is the largest Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution software provider. Sap’s products focus on ERP ( enter prise resource planning ), which it helped to pioneer. The company's main product is SAP R/3;the "R" stands for real time data processing and the number 3 relates to a three-tier application architecture: database, application server and client SAP gui (presentation layer ).Other major product offerings include Advanced Planner and Optimizer (APO),Business Information Warehouse(BW),Customer Relationship Management(CRM),Supplier Relationship Management(SRM), Human Resource Management Systems(HRMS),Product Lifecycle Management(PLM), Exchange Infrastructure(XI) and Knowledge Warehouse(KW).Reportedly, there are over 91,500 SAP installations at more than 28,000 companies as per the statistics of 3 years before. SAP products are used by over 12 million people in more than 120 countries." In this website we trying to collect , arrange different SAP materials for professionals seeking for references. Mainly we are trying to collect ABAP tutorials, BAPI, LSMW, IDOC, ALE, ABAY syntx, NetWeaver, SAP HR, SAP MM, SAP SD, FICO, PP, PM like functional modules, interview questions and answers. latest sap jobs informations also available in the site. users can also contribute their materials or articles for helping other professionals.Its just an online help for the SAP professionals searching for materials, tutorials and PDF study guides, FAQS and jobs

         In 1995, SAP was included in the German stock index DAX. On 22 September 2003, SAP was included in the Dow Jones STOXX 50. In 1991, Prof. Dr. Henning Kagermann joined the board; Dr. Peter Zencke became a board member in 1993. Claus Heinrich, and Gerhard Oswald have been members of the SAP Executive Board since 1996. Two years later, in 1998, the first change at the helm took place. Dietmar Hopp and Klaus Tschira moved to the supervisory board and Dietmar Hopp was appointed Chairman of the supervisory board. Henning Kagermann was appointed as Co-Chairman and CEO of SAP next to Hasso Plattner. Werner Brandt joined SAP in 2001 as a member of the SAP Executive Board and Chief Financial Officer. Léo Apotheker has been a member of the SAP Executive Board and president of Global Customer Solutions & Operations since 2002, was appointed Deputy CEO in 2007, and then became co-CEO alongside Kagermann in 2008.



Facts about SAP
· Founded by five former IBM employees in 1972
· Leading global provider of client/server business software solutions.
· Number one vendor of standard business application software, with a worldwide market share of 31%.
· Fourth-largest independent software supplier in the world.
· Available in 14 languages.
· 34% of SAP's customers worldwide are under $200 million.
· 10 out of the top 10 US companies with the highest market value use SAP software.
· 8 of the top 10 largest US corporations use SAP software.
· 8 of the top 10 highest profit US companies use SAP software.
· More than 7500 customers in over 90 countries have chosen SAP.
· Reported revenues of DM 6 billion in the most recent fiscal year, a 62-percent increase over 1996 revenues

What is R/3?
SAP R/3 a client-server version was officially launched on 6 July 1992 which was manageable on multiple platforms and operating systems, such as Linux, opened up SAP to a whole new customer base.


R/3 comes prepackaged with the core business applications needed by most large corporations. They are designed from the ground up to run using a single database and one (very large) set of tables. Current production database sizes range from 12 gigabytes to near 3 terabytes. Around 8,000 database tables are shipped with the standard delivery R/3 product.

R/3 is an integrated suite of applications designed to handle the data processing for large corporations. It was developed in Germany by the company named SAP (an acronym for Systems Applications and Products for data processing).

What is the Purpose of R/3?


The sole purpose of an R/3 system is to provide a suite of tightly integrated, large-scale business applications.

SAP R/3 is perhaps the best known ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system on the market.
SAP R/3 is a client/server based 3-tiered application.
It has :-
Presentation layer - interfaces with the user
Application layer - Have all the business-specific logic
Database layer - records and stores all the information about the system, including transactional and configuration data
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SAP Application Modules
· FI Financial Accounting-designed for automated management and external reporting of general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other sub-ledger accounts with a user defined chart of accounts. As entries are made relating to sales production and payments journal entries are automatically posted. This connection means that the "books" are designed to reflect the real situation.
· CO Controlling-Represents the company's flow of cost and revenue. It is a management instrument for organizational decisions. It too is automatically updated as events occur.
· AM Asset Management-designed to manage and supervise individual aspects of fixed assets including purchase and sale of assets, depreciation and investment management.
· PS Project System-is designed to support the planning, control and monitoring of long-term, highly complex projects with defined goals.
· WF Workflow-links the integrated SAP application modules with cross-application technologies, tools and services
· IS Industry Solutions-combine the SAP application modules and additional industry-specific functionality. Special techniques have been developed for industries such as banking, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, etc.
· HR Human Resources-is a complete integrated system for supporting the planning and control of personnel activities.
· PM Plant Maintenance-In a complex manufacturing process maintenance means more than sweeping the floors. Equipment must be services and rebuilt. These tasks affect the production plans.
· MM Materials Management-supports the procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations such as purchasing, inventory management, reorder point processing, etc.
· QM Quality Management-is a quality control and information system supporting quality planning, inspection, and control for manufacturing and procurement.
· PP Production Planning-is used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of a company. This module includes; bills of material, routings, work centers, sales and operations planning, master production scheduling, material requirements planning, shop floor control, production orders, product costing, etc.
· SD Sales and Distribution-helps to optimize all the tasks and activities carried out in sales, delivery and billing. Key elements are; pre-sales support, inquiry processing, quotation processing, sales order processing, delivery processing, billing and sales information system

These applications coexist in one homogenous environment.

Module of SAP

Complete SAP Modules:

1. SAP Basis
1. Security (BC - SEC)
2. Application Link Enabling (ALE)
3. Remote Function Calls (RFC)
4. Object Linking and Embedding (OLE)
5. Common Program Interface Communications (CPI-C)
6. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
7. Customizing (BC-CUS)
8. ABAP Programming and Runtime Environment (BC - ABA)
9. Client Server Technology (BC - CST)
10. Network Integration (BC - NET)
11. Basis Services/ Communication Interfaces (BC - SRV)
12. Computing Center Management System (BC - CCM)
13. Upgrade General (BC - UPG)
14. Change and Transport System (BC - CTS)
15. Operating System Platform(BC - OP)
16. Database Interface, database platforms (BC - DB)
17. Front End Services (BC - FES)
18. ABAP Workbench (BC - DWB)
19. Documentation and Translation Tools (BC - DOC)
20. Controls and Control Framework (BC - CI)
21. Business Management (BC - BMT)
22. Middleware (BC - MID)
23. Computer Aided Test Tool (BC - CAT)
24. Ready to Run R/3 (BC - BRR)
25. Authorisations System Monitoring with CCMS Workload Alert Monitor

2. ABAP/4 Programming

1 ABAP Workbench
2 Menu Painter
3 Screen Painter
4 Data Dictionary
5 SAP Script
6 Business Workflow (BC - WF)
7 ALE
8 EDI
9 Business Connector
10 Business Server Pages
11 Internet Application Server
12 Mercator Report Painter
13 ALV reporting
14 Report writer
15 Dialog Programming
16 Repository Information System
17 ABAP 00
18 IDOCS
19 LSMW
20 Smartforms
21 EBP
22 ASAP methodology
23 ABAP Query

3. SAP FI (Financial Accounting)
1. General Ledger Accounting (FI - GL)
2. Special Ledger (FI - SL)
3. Extended Ledger
4. Accounts Payable (FI- AP)
5. Accounts Receivable (FI - AR)
6. Asset Accounting (FI - AA)
7. Bank Accounting
8. Funds Management (FI - FM)
9. Travel Management (FI-TM)
10. Consolidation

4. SAP CO (Controlling)
1. Cost Centre Accounting (CO - CCA)
2. Overhead Cost Controlling (CO - OM)
3. Activity Based Coding (CO - ABC)
4. Product Cost Controlling (CO - PC)
5. Profitability Analysis (CO - PA)
6. Material Ledger (CO - ML)

5. SAP EC (Enterprise Controlling)
1. Consolidation (EC - CS)
2. Executive Information System (EC-EIS)
3. Profit Center Accounting (EC - PCA)
4. Business Planning and Budgeting

6. SAP TR (Treasury)
1. Cash Management (TR - CM)
2. Loans Management (TR - LM)
3. Market Risk Management (TR - MRM)
4. Treasury Management (TR - TM)
5. Funds Management (TR - FM)
6. Information System

7. SAP IM (Investment Management)
1. Investment Programmes
2. Investment Measures (orders/products)
3. Corporation Wide Budgeting
4. Appropriation Requests
5. Automatic Settlement of Fixed Assets
6. Depreciation Forecast
7. Information System

8. SAP HR (Human Resource)
1. Recruitment
2. Personnel Administration
3. Benefits Administration
4. Compensation Management
5. Personnel Development
6. Organizational Management
7. Travel Management
8. Training and Events Management
9. Personnel Planning
10. Time Management
11. Incentive
12. Wages
13. Workflow
14. Payroll
15. Internet Scenarios
16. Information System

9. SAP SD (Sales and Distribution)
1. Master Data
2. Sales
3. Sales Support
4. Sales Information System
5. Billing
6. Special Business Transactions
7. Shipping
8. Transportation
9. Credit Control
10. QM in SD
11. Internet
12. Foreign Trade
13. Electronic Data Interchange

10. SAP Logistics Information System
1. Purchasing Information System
2. Sales Information System
3. Inventory Controlling
4. Retail Information System
5. Production Planning and Control Information System
6. Plant Maintenance Information System
7. Project Information System

11. SAP MM (Materials Management)
1. Purchasing
2. Invoice Verification
3. Logistics (General)
4. Logistics Information System
5. Inventory Management
6. Inventory / Valuations
7. Materials Planning
8. Workflow
9. External Services Management
10. QM in MM
11. Warehouse Management

12. SAP PM (Plant Maintenance)
1. Preventative Maintenance
2. Maintenance Order Management
3. Maintenance Projects
4. Service Management
5. Maintenance Planning
6. Equipment and Technical Objects
7. Structuring Technical Systems
8. PM Processing
9. Work Clearance Management
10. Internet Scenarios
11. Customising
12. Information System

13. SAP PP (Production Planning)
1. Make to Order (CR)
2. Make to Order (PIR)
3. Repetitive Manufacturing
4. PP for Process Industries (PP - PI)
5. PP - Processes
6. Sales and Operations Planning
7. Capacity requirements
8. Master Planning
9. KANBAN
10. Production Orders
11. Product Cost Planning
12. Plant Data Collection
13. Assembly Orders
14. Information System

14. SAP QM - Quality Management
1. Planning
2. Inspections
3. Notifications
4. Control
5. Certificates
6. Test Equipment Management
7. QM-IS

15. SAP BW (Business Warehousing)
1. Data Warehousing
2. BI Suite - Business Explorer
3. BI Platform
4. ODS Structures
5. Development Technologies
6. Info Cube
7. Design Build

16. SAP CS (Customer Service)
1. Service Processing
2. Controlling
3. Service Contracts
4. Workflow in Customer Service

17. SAP SMB
1. SAP SMB

18. SAP CA (Cross Application Components)
1. SAP Business Workflow
2. Application Link Enabling (ALE)

19. SAP PS (Project Systems)
1. Basic Data
2. Operational Structures
3. Project Planning
4. Approval
5. Information System
6. Project Execution and Integration
7. Work Breakdown Structure

20. mySAP SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)
1. Self Service Procurement
2. Service Procurement
3. Plan Driven Procurement
4. Spend Analysis
5. Strategic Sourcing
6. Catalogue Content Management

21. mySAP SEM
1. Business Consolidation (SEM-BCS)
2. Business Information Collection (SEM-BIC)
3. Business Planning and Simulation (BW-BPS)
4. Corporate Performance Monitor (SEM-CPM)
5. Stakeholder Relationship Management (SEM-SRM)

22. mySAP CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
1. CRM Enterprise
2. Field Applications
3. Interaction Center
4. E-Commerce
5. Channel Management
6. Industry Specific CRM

23. mySAP Product Life Cycle Management
1. Document Management
2. Engineering Change Management
3. Enterprise Content Management
4. Classification
5. Basic Data for Process Manufacturing

24. SAP SCM (SAP Supply Chain Management)
1. SCM Process and Business Scenarios
2. SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
3. SAP Advance Planning and Optimization (SAP - APO)
4. SAP Inventory Collaboration Hub (SAP - OCH)
5. SAP Event Management (SAP - EM)
6. SCM Basis

25. SAP Netweaver
1. SAP Masterdata Management
2. Information Integration
3. Portal Content
4. Process Integration
5. Knowledge Management
6. Life Cycle Management
7. SAP Business Intelligence
8. SAP Visual Composer
9. People Integration
10. Application Platform
11. SAP Web Application Server
12. SAP Business Information Warehouse
13. SAP Solution Manager
14. SAP Enterprise Portal
15. SAP Mobile Engine
16. Security

26. SAP IS (Industry Solutions) / SAP for Industries
1. Aerospace & Defence
2. Consumer Products
3. Defence & Security
4. Retail
5. Insurance
6. Mill Products
7. Higher Education & Research
8. Industrial Machinery & Components
9. Logistics Service Providers
10. Automotive
11. Chemicals
12. Pharmaceuticals
13. Banking
14. Telecoms
15. Life Sciences
16. Mining
17. Public Sector
18. Service Provider
19. Media
20. Healthcare
21. Oil & Gas
22. Utilities
23. Postal Services

How To Identify Table in SAP

Particular Starts with Example
Vendor L LFA1
Customer K KNA1, KONV
Sales V- VBAK, VBAP
Bank B - BKNF, BKPF
Purchasing E - EKKO, EKPO
Material M -  MARA, MAKT, MARC
Master -T -  T001, T001W


Particular Header Table - contains Example Item Table - contains Example
Sales,
Delivery,
Billing,
Purchasing … K- like VBAK, LIKP, VBRK, EKKO P VBAP, LIPS, VBRP, EKKO

Finance Tables:
Contains Meaning Example
I Open Item BSID
A Closed Item BSAD


Ends Meaning Example
S G/L Master Open Item BSIS, BSAS
D Customer related BSID
K Vendor related BSIK

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DISCLAIMER

All about contents or data or information taken from sap.com or other sap related web sites which are available on the Internet for this BLOG.
If you find any doubts or mistakes please refer the other SAP/ABAP related sites .